Brummelman, E. (Ed.) (2020). Psychological perspectives on praise. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. LINK

Brummelman, E. (2019). Bewonder mij! Overleven in een narcistische wereld [Admire me! Surviving in a narcissistic world]. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Nieuwezijds. LINK


Origins of children’s self-views (Child Development, Volume 88, Issue 6, 2017), edited by E. Brummelman & S. Thomaes

Dark personality traits: Challenges and innovations (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Volume 126, Issue 7, 2017), edited by S. Thomaes, E. Brummelman, J. D. Miller, and S. O. Lilienfeld


Brummelman, E., & Sedikides, C. (in press). Raising children with high self-esteem (but not narcissism). Child Development Perspectives.

Grapsas, S., Brummelman, E., Back, M. D., & Denissen, J. J. A. (2020). The “why” and “how” of narcissism: A process model of narcissistic status pursuit. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 15, 150–172. doi:10.1177/1745691619873350

Gürel, Ç., Brummelman, E., Sedikides, C., Overbeek, G. (2020). Better than my past self: Temporal comparison raises children’s pride without triggering superiority goals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/xge0000733

Thomaes, S., Tjaarda, I., Brummelman, E., & Sedikides, C. (2019). Effort self-talk benefits the mathematics performance of children with negative competence beliefs. Child Development. Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/cdev.13347

Nikolić, M., van der Storm, L., Colonnesi, C., Brummelman, E., Kan, K. J., & Bögels, S. M. (2019). Are socially anxious children poor or advanced mindreaders? Child Development, 90, 1424–1441. doi:10.1111/cdev.13248

Brummelman, E., Terburg, D., Smit, M., Bögels, S. M., & Bos, P. A. (2019). Parental touch reduces children’s social vigilance. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 35, 87–93. doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2018.05.002

Brummelman, E., & Gürel, Ç. (2019). Childhood narcissism: A call for interventions. Journal of Affective Disorders, 244, 113–114. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2018.10.101

Brummelman, E. (2018). The emergence of narcissism and self-esteem: A social-cognitive approach. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 15, 756–767. doi:10.1080/17405629.2017.1419953 (invited contribution for receiving The George Butterworth Young Scientist Award)

Brummelman, E., Nikolić, M., & Bögels, S. M. (2018). What’s in a blush? Physiological blushing reveals narcissistic children’s social-evaluative concerns. Psychophysiology, 55, e13201. doi:10.1111/psyp.13201

Nikolić, M., Brummelman, E., Colonnesi, C., de Vente, W., & Bögels, S. M. (2018). When gushing leads to blushing: Inflated praise leads socially anxious children to blush. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 106, 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2018.04.003

Brummelman, E., Nelemans, S. A., Thomaes, S., & Orobio de Castro, B. (2017). When parents’ praise inflates, children’s self-esteem deflates. Child Development, 88, 1799–1809. doi:10.1111/cdev.12936

Brummelman, E., & Thomaes, S. (2017). How children construct views of themselves: A social-developmental perspective. Child Development, 88, 1763–1773. doi:10.1111/cdev.12961

Kalisch, R., Baker, D. G., Basten, U., Boks, M. P., Bonanno, G. A., Brummelman, E., … DFG Collaborative Research Center CRC1193 “Neurobiology of Resilience” (2017). The resilience framework as a strategy to combat stress-related disorders. Nature Human Behaviour. doi:10.1038/s41562-017-0200-8

Thomaes, S., Brummelman, E., Miller, J. D., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2017). The dark personality and psychopathology: Towards a brighter future. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 126, 835–842. doi:10.1037/abn0000305

Thomaes, S., Brummelman, E., & Sedikides, C. (2017). Why most children think well of themselves. Child Development, 88, 1873–1884. doi:10.1111/cdev.12937

Ridderinkhof, A., de Bruin, E. I., Brummelman, E., & Bögels, S. M. (2017). Does mindfulness meditation increase empathy? An experiment. Self and Identity, 16, 251–269. doi:10.1080/15298868.2016.1269667

Brummelman, E., Crocker, J., & Bushman, B. J. (2016). The praise paradox: When and why praise backfires in children with low self-esteem. Child Development Perspectives, 10, 111–115. doi:10.1111/cdep.12171

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., & Sedikides, C. (2016). Separating narcissism from self-esteem. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 8–13doi:10.1177/0963721415619737

Weeland, J., Slagt, M., Brummelman, E., Matthys, W., Orobio de Castro, B., & Overbeek, G. (2015). 5-HTTLPR expression outside the skin: An experimental test of the emotional reactivity hypothesis in children. PLOS ONE, 10, e0141474. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141474

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Nelemans, S. A., Orobio de Castro, B., Overbeek, G., & Bushman, B. J. (2015). Reply to Kealy et al.: Theoretical precision in the study of narcissism and its origins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112, E2987. doi:10.1073/pnas.1507468112

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Nelemans, S. A., Orobio de Castro, B., Overbeek, G., & Bushman, B. J. (2015). Origins of narcissism in children. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112, 3659–3662. doi:10.1073/pnas.1420870112

Brummelman, E., & Walton, G. M. (2015). “If you want to understand something, try to change it”: Social-psychological interventions to cultivate resilience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38, 24–25. doi:10.1017/S0140525X14001472

Bos, P. A., Brummelman, E., & Terburg, D. (2015). Cognition as the tip of the emotional iceberg: A neuro-evolutionary perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38, 18. doi:10.1017/S0140525X14000879

Thomaes, S., Sedikides, C., Reijntjes, A., Brummelman, E., & Bushman, B. J. (2015). Emotional contrast or compensation? How support reminders influence the pain of acute peer disapproval in preadolescents. Developmental Psychology, 51, 1438–1449. doi:10.1037/dev0000041

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Nelemans, S. A., Orobio de Castro, B., & Bushman, B. J. (2015). My child is God’s gift to humanity: Development and validation of the Parental Overvaluation Scale (POS). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108, 665–679. doi:10.1037/pspp0000012

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Walton, G. M., Poorthuis, A. M. G., Overbeek, G., Orobio de Castro, B., & Bushman, B. J. (2014). Unconditional regard buffers children’s negative self-feelings. Pediatrics, 134, 1119–1126. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-3698

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Orobio de Castro, B., Overbeek, G., & Bushman, B. J. (2014). “That’s not just beautiful—that’s incredibly beautiful!”: The adverse impact of inflated praise on children with low self-esteem. Psychological Science, 25, 728–735. doi:10.1177/0956797613514251

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Overbeek, G., Orobio de Castro, B., van den Hout, M. A., & Bushman, B. J. (2014). On feeding those hungry for praise: Person praise backfires in children with low self-esteem. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 9–14. doi:10.1037/a0031917

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Slagt, M., Overbeek, G., Orobio de Castro, B., & Bushman, B. J. (2013). My child redeems my broken dreams: On parents transferring their unfulfilled ambitions onto their child. PLOS ONE, 8, e65360. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065360

Thomaes, S., Brummelman, E., Reijntjes, A., & Bushman, B. J. (2013). When Narcissus was a boy: Origins, nature, and consequences of childhood narcissism. Child Development Perspectives, 7, 22–26. doi:10.1111/cdep.12009


Brummelman, E. (2016). Narcistische kinderen [Narcissistic children]. De Psycholoog, 51, 10–19. LINK

Van Loenen, M., & Brummelman, E. (2015). De gevaren van intuïtief complimenteren [The dangers of praising intuitively]. In-Mind Magazine, 3.

Brummelman, E. (2014). Zoete woorden met een bittere nasmaak: Kan het complimenteren van kinderen met lage zelfwaardering averechts werken? [Sweet words that leave a bitter taste: Can praising children with low self-esteem backfire?]. Kind en Adolescent, 35, 108–112. doi:10.1007/s12453-014-0014-7

Brummelman, E., & Thomaes, S. (2010). Opvoeding en de ontwikkeling van grandioos en kwetsbaar narcisme: Een overzicht [Parenting and the development of grandiose and vulnerable narcissism: An overview]. Kind en Adolescent, 31, 116–130. doi:10.1007/BF03089712

Brummelman, E., & Thomaes, S. (2009). Grandioos en kwetsbaar narcisme [Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism]. PsychoPraxis, 11, 11–15. doi:10.1007/BF03080431


Brummelman, E., & Dweck, C. S. (in press). Paradoxical effects of praise: A transactional model. In E. Brummelman (Ed.), Psychological perspectives on praise. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Brummelman, E., & Grapsas, S. (in press). Can praise contribute to narcissism in children? In E. Brummelman (Ed.), Psychological perspectives on praise. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Brummelman, E., Gürel, Ç., Thomaes, S., & Sedikides, C. (2018). What separates narcissism from self-esteem? A social-cognitive perspective. In A. D. Hermann, A. Brunell, & J. Foster (Eds.), Handbook of trait narcissism: Key advances, research methods, and controversies (pp. 47–55). New York, NY: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-92171-6_5

Thomaes, S., & Brummelman, E. (2018). Parents’ socialization of narcissism. In A. D. Hermann, A. Brunell, & J. Foster (Eds.), Handbook of trait narcissism: Key advances, research methods, and controversies (pp. 143–148). New York, NY: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-92171-6_15

Crocker, J., & Brummelman, E. (2018). The self: Dynamics of persons and their situations. In K. Deaux and M. Snyder (Eds.), Handbook of personality and social psychology (2nd ed., pp. 265–287). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190224837.013.11

Brummelman, E. (2018). Praise. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), The Sage encyclopedia of lifespan human development (pp. 1708–1709). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. doi:10.4135/9781506307633.n639

Thomaes, S., Brummelman, E., & Sedikides, C. (2018). Narcissism: A social-developmental perspective. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. D. Shackelford (Eds.), Handbook of personality and individual differences (pp. 377–396). London, England: Sage. doi:10.4135/9781526451248.n16

Thomaes, S., & Brummelman, E. (2016). Narcissism. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology (3rd ed., Vol. 4, pp. 679–725). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781119125556.devpsy316


Gürel, Ç. & Brummelman, E. (in press). The problem with telling children they’re better than others. Scientific American.

Brummelman, E. (2019). Overwaardering [Overvaluation]. Gifted@248, 12, 12–14. LINK

Brummelman, E. (2019, June). Das Lob-Paradox: Wie gut gemeinte Worte nach hinten losgehen [The praise paradox: How well-meant words can backfire]. Das Kind, 65, 22–32. (translation of keynote address given at the Association Montessori Internationale Annual General Meeting)

Brummelman, E. (2018, January). The praise paradox. Behavioral Scientist.

Brummelman, E. (2016, March). Well-meant praise can discourage children. Child and Family Blog. A follow-up post was published here.

Brummelman, E. (2016, February). Does raising self-esteem turn children into narcissists? Scientific American.

Brummelman, E. (2015, March). Why some children think they’re more special than everyone else. The Conversation.

Brummelman, E. (2014, December). Just because you think your children are extraordinary, doesn’t mean they are. The Conversation. Republished in The Washington PostThe New Statesman, and The New Zealand Herald.

Brummelman, E., & Bushman, B. J. (2014, January). Praise, like penicillin, must not be given haphazardly! Person praise and inflated praise can backfire in low self-esteem children. Psychology Today.

Brummelman, E. (2014, January). Children with low self-esteem respond worse to overpraise. The Conversation.