Brummelman, E., Nelemans, S. A., Thomaes, S., & Orobio de Castro, B. (in press). When parents’ praise inflates, children’s self-esteem deflates. Child Development.

Crocker, J., & Brummelman, E. (in press). The self: Dynamics of persons and their situations. In K. Deaux and M. Snyder (Eds.), Handbook of personality and social psychology (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Brummelman, E. (in press). Praise. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), The Sage encyclopedia of lifespan human development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Thomaes, S., Brummelman, E., & Sedikides, C. (in press). Narcissism: A social-developmental perspective. In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. D. Shackelford (Eds.), Handbook of personality and individual differences. London, England: Sage.

Ridderinkhof, A., de Bruin, E. I., Brummelman, E., & Bögels, S. M. (2017). Does mindfulness meditation increase empathy? An experiment. Self and Identity. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/15298868.2016.1269667

Brummelman, E., Crocker, J., & Bushman, B. J. (2016). The praise paradox: When and why praise backfires in children with low self-esteem. Child Development Perspectives, 10, 111–115. doi:10.1111/cdep.12171

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., & Sedikides, C. (2016). Separating narcissism from self-esteem. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 8–13doi:10.1177/0963721415619737

Thomaes, S., & Brummelman, E. (2016). Narcissism. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental psychopathology (3rd ed., Vol. 4, pp. 679–725). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. LINK

Weeland, J., Slagt, M., Brummelman, E., Matthys, W., Orobio de Castro, B., & Overbeek, G. (2015). 5-HTTLPR expression outside the skin: An experimental test of the emotional reactivity hypothesis in children. PLoS ONE, 10, e0141474. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141474

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Nelemans, S. A., Orobio de Castro, B., Overbeek, G., & Bushman, B. J. (2015). Reply to Kealy et al.: Theoretical precision in the study of narcissism and its origins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112, E2987. doi:10.1073/pnas.1507468112

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Nelemans, S. A., Orobio de Castro, B., Overbeek, G., & Bushman, B. J. (2015). Origins of narcissism in children. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112, 3659–3662. doi:10.1073/pnas.1420870112

Brummelman, E., & Walton, G. M. (2015). “If you want to understand something, try to change it”: Social-psychological interventions to cultivate resilience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38, 24–25. doi:10.1017/S0140525X14001472

Bos, P. A., Brummelman, E., & Terburg, D. (2015). Cognition as the tip of the emotional iceberg: A neuro-evolutionary perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38, 18. doi:10.1017/S0140525X14000879

Thomaes, S., Sedikides, C., Reijntjes, A., Brummelman, E., & Bushman, B. J. (2015). Emotional contrast or compensation? How support reminders influence the pain of acute peer disapproval in preadolescents. Developmental Psychology, 51, 1438–1449. doi:10.1037/dev0000041

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Nelemans, S. A., Orobio de Castro, B., & Bushman, B. J. (2015). My child is God’s gift to humanity: Development and validation of the Parental Overvaluation Scale (POS). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108, 665–679. doi:10.1037/pspp0000012

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Walton, G. M., Poorthuis, A. M. G., Overbeek, G., Orobio de Castro, B., & Bushman, B. J. (2014). Unconditional regard buffers children’s negative self-feelings. Pediatrics, 134, 1119–1126. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-3698

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Orobio de Castro, B., Overbeek, G., & Bushman, B. J. (2014). “That’s not just beautiful—that’s incredibly beautiful!”: The adverse impact of inflated praise on children with low self-esteem. Psychological Science, 25, 728–735. doi:10.1177/0956797613514251

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Overbeek, G., Orobio de Castro, B., van den Hout, M. A., & Bushman, B. J. (2014). On feeding those hungry for praise: Person praise backfires in children with low self-esteem. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 9–14. doi:10.1037/a0031917

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S., Slagt, M., Overbeek, G., Orobio de Castro, B., & Bushman, B. J. (2013). My child redeems my broken dreams: On parents transferring their unfulfilled ambitions onto their child. PLoS ONE, 8, e65360. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065360

Thomaes, S., Brummelman, E., Reijntjes, A., & Bushman, B. J. (2013). When Narcissus was a boy: Origins, nature, and consequences of childhood narcissism. Child Development Perspectives, 7, 22–26. doi:10.1111/cdep.12009


Brummelman, E. (2016). Narcistische kinderen [Narcissistic children]. De Psycholoog, 51, 10–19. LINK

Van Loenen, M., & Brummelman, E. (2015). De gevaren van intuïtief complimenteren [The dangers of praising intuitively]. In-Mind Magazine, 3.

Brummelman, E. (2014). Zoete woorden met een bittere nasmaak: Kan het complimenteren van kinderen met lage zelfwaardering averechts werken? [Sweet words that leave a bitter taste: Can praising children with low self-esteem backfire?]. Kind en Adolescent, 35, 108–112. doi:10.1007/s12453-014-0014-7

Brummelman, E., & Thomaes, S. (2010). Opvoeding en de ontwikkeling van grandioos en kwetsbaar narcisme: Een overzicht [Parenting and the development of grandiose and vulnerable narcissism: An overview]. Kind en Adolescent, 31, 116–130. doi:10.1007/BF03089712

Brummelman, E., & Thomaes, S. (2009). Grandioos en kwetsbaar narcisme [Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism]. PsychoPraxis, 11, 11–15. doi:10.1007/BF03080431


Brummelman, E. (2016, March). Well-meant praise can discourage children. Child and Family Blog.

Brummelman, E. (2016, February). Does raising self-esteem turn children into narcissists? Scientific American.

Brummelman, E. (2015, March). Why some children think they’re more special than everyone else. The Conversation.

Brummelman, E. (2014, December). Just because you think your children are extraordinary, doesn’t mean they are. The Conversation. Republished in The Washington Post and The New Statesman.

Brummelman, E., & Bushman, B. J. (2014, January). Praise, like penicillin, must not be given haphazardly! Person praise and inflated praise can backfire in low self-esteem children. Psychology Today.

Brummelman, E. (2014, January). Children with low self-esteem respond worse to overpraise. The Conversation.